Existing Legislation

European Legislation

The new Council Regulation of European Union (EU) on organic products and labeling did take full effect on the 1st of July 2010. This regulation was agreed by the European Council of Agricultural Ministers and its main goals and principles are mentioned in summary below:

  • Sustainability and environmental respect are of the two principles given most of its emphasis. Ultimate goal is the enforcement of a sustainable way of organic products cultivation with particular respect on environment, livestock and biodiversity protection, as well as the production of a variety of high quality products. Abovementioned sustainable methods should be achieved applying a combination of organic and mechanical production processes which down the line will guarantee the high quality of all products with the complete absence of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s).
  • Throughout organic production, internal sources (such as organic fertilizers locally produced by the farmer itself) will be preferably used. In the case where this is not feasible, use of external resources (such as organic fertilizers produced by other farmers in the region) with preference to organic ones should be used.
  • Cultivation and use of GMO’s or any other product coming for GMO’s is prohibited within the EU with the only exception of products inadvertently containing <0.09% GMO/non-GMO ingredient proportion. Products lying within this category can be labeled as ‘organic’.
  • Products may only be labeled as ‘organic’ if at least 95% of their ingredients is organically grown. Use of the EU organic logo on all packaged organic products, the code number of the control body as well as the country of origin of all ingredients, is required.
  • Organic products imported from out of EU countries and distributed within the EU should follow the same strict regulations and practices as those in the union. Labeling of these products though with the EU logo for organics is not mandatory.

A more detailed description of the legislation can be found here:

English Greek
(EC) No 1452/2003 (ΕΚ) αριθ. 1452/2003
(EC) No 834/2007 (ΕΚ) αριθ. 834/2007
(EC) No 889/2008 (ΕΚ) αριθ. 889/2008
(EC) No 1235/2008 (ΕΚ) αριθ. 1235/2008
(EC) No 1254/2008 (ΕΚ) αριθ. 1254/2008
*Source: EUR-Lex (Access to European Union Law)

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